At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Census of had officially stated that the American frontier had broken up. Kennedy to p. Turner said that in the development of any frontier area, one phase of economic and social development followed another in distinct stages. Turner held that the American character was decisively shaped by conditions on the frontier, in particular the abundance of free land, the settling of which engendered such traits as self-reliance, individualism , inventiveness, restless energy, mobility, materialism, and optimism. His critics have denied everything from his basic assumptions to the small details of his argument.
American democracy was born of no theorist’s dream; it was not carried in the Susan Constant to Virginia, nor in the Mayflower to Plymouth. Turner began his teaching career at the University of Wisconsin in They also became more violent, more individualistic, more distrustful of authority, less artistic, less scientific, and more dependent on ad-hoc organizations they formed themselves. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Turner was born in Portage, Wisconsin, in
Turner elaborated on the theme in his advanced history lectures and in a series of essays published over the next 25 years, published along with his initial paper as The Frontier in American History.
PBS – THE WEST – Frederick Jackson Turner
To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: The frontier had no need for standing armies, established churches, fredrrick or nobles. Turner was born in Portage, Wisconsin, in The frontier thesis is one of the most influential documents on the American west today.
Turner held that the American character was decisively shaped by conditions on the frontier, in particular the abundance of free land, the settling of which engendered such traits as frederkck, individualisminventiveness, restless energy, mobility, materialism, and optimism. Turner’s contribution to American history was to argue that the frontier past best explained the distinctive history of the United States. It was on this forboding note that he closed his address: Corporate investors headquartered in New York laid the railroads; government troops defeated Indian nations who refused to get out of the way of manifest destiny; even the cowboys, enshrined in popular mythology as rugged loners, were generally low-level employees of fdontier foreign-owned cattle corporations.
Turner’s essay reached triumphalist turnesr in his belief that the promotion of individualistic democracy was the most important effect of the frontier.
Comps Notes: Frederick Jackson Turner’s “The Significance of the Frontier in American History”
The winner of an oratorical medal as an undergraduate, he also was a gifted and active public speaker. A Criticism of the Turner Theory”. Turner taught at the University of Wisconsin untilwhen he accepted an appointment to a distinguished chair of history at Harvard University. Historians have noted that John F. frederickk
By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. The mainstream of the profession has long since discarded Turner’s assumption that the frontier is the key to American history as a whole; they point instead to the critical influence of such factors as slavery and the Civil War, immigration, and the development of industrial capitalism.
The Turner Theses
More than a century after he first delivered his frontier thesis, historians still hotly turnere Turner’s ideas and approach. A similarly race-based interpretation of Western history also occupied the intellectual sphere in the United States before Turner. Some have long disputed the very idea of a frontier of “free land. Whitman, Narcissa and Marcus.
You are commenting using federick WordPress. Turner took this “closing of the frontier” as an opportunity to reflect upon the influence it had exercised.
Moreover, as the 19th century wore on, the role of the federal government and large corporations grew increasingly important.
Essays and Miscellany First ed. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Turner’s thesis quickly became popular among intellectuals. He served as a teacher and scholar at the University of Wisconsin from towhen he joined Harvard’s faculty. He also stressed results, especially that American democracy was the primary result, along with egalitarianisma lack of interest in high cultureand violence.
If the frontier had been so essential to the development of American culture and democracy, then what would befall them as the frontier closed?
According to Bancroft, the Germanic germs had spread across of all Western Europe by the Middle Ages and had reached their height. Everything in American history up to the s yhesis relates the western frontier, including slavery.
All these ideas were contained in the essay, “The Significance of the Frontier in American History,” which Turner presented as a lecture at the Columbian Exposition in For many women, Asians, Mexicans who suddenly turnees themselves residents of the United States, and, of course, Indians, the West was no promised land.
Westward movement, the populating by Europeans of the land within the continental boundaries of the mainland United States, a process that began frontire after the first colonial settlements were established along the Atlantic coast. No known restrictions on publication.